Wow! Signal, Might Not be so Wow!

In 1977, Ohio State University Radio Observatory, or Big Ear, was searching the heavens for extraterrestrial radio signals. In August of that year, analyst Jerry Ehman spotted a significantly longer and stronger signal thWow_signalan previously recorded, circled the printout and wrote “Wow!” in the margins. This signal’s frequency was very close to what observers hypothesized an intelligent transmission might look like. It was never picked up again.

An independent group of interested parties renewed my interest in the Wow! Signal when they launched the Arecibo Project in 2014. I’ve been checking in on their website, and although it’s interesting, there have been no concrete findings.

But now, Antonio Paris, an astronomer at St. Petersburg College in Florida and Director of the Aerial Phenomena Investigation Team may have an explanation for the signal. It’s not aliens; it’s comets.

A vast amount of hydrogen is released when comets swing around the sun, and ultraviolet radiation splits water vapor molecules (water is H2O, hydrogen and oxygen). The release of hydrogen is significant because the frequency they were looking for in 1977 was the signal emitted by hydrogen. Hydrogen is the most common element in the universe, and the idea was that other intelligent beings would recognize this fact and use it for communication. The Wow! Signal was very close to the 1420 megahertz signal that hydrogen emits.

800px-Comet_over_Munich_1

By Hans Bernhard (Schnobby) (own work) http://creativecommons.org/license/by-sa/3.o or GFDL http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html via Wikimedia Commons

 

 

Tracing the path of two comets back to August of 1977, Paris feels it’s possible they were in the vicinity of Big Ear during that time. In 1977, no one knew Comet 266P/Christensen or Comet P/2008 Y2 (Gibbs) existed, so there was no way to attribute the signal to them.

Other experts are skeptical about Paris’ hypothesis. Some doubt that comets could generate enough hydrogen to create a signal as strong as the Wow! Signal, otherwise they would be picking up this type of signature more often, which they don’t.

The two comets in question will pass by the same region in January of 2017 (Comet 266P/Christensen) and January of 2018 (P/2008 Y2 (Gibbs)). Analysis of the hydrogen signals should reveal if Paris’ hypothesis is correct.

Paris’ hypothesis seems perfectly reasonable and quite likely. There is a part of me; however, that hopes he is not correct. I like the idea that aliens are possibly trying to reach out to us. Don’t get me wrong, I’m not down with War of Worlds or Independence Day type aliens, but the possibilities of who or what is out in the cosmos intrigues me.

aliens

Until next time, Never Turn off the Lights, and keep an eye on the night skies. You never know who may drop by for a visit…or domination.

For more:

https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn28747-famous-wow-signal-might-have-been-from-comets-not-aliens/

http://dailygrail.com/Alien-Nation/2016/1/Wow-Signal-Receives-Meh-Explanation

Wow! Signal Revisited?

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Wow_signal

Image of the original printout and notation.

Piggy-backing on my visit to Area 52 an other interesting UFO story has caught my attention.

In 1977 Ohio State University Radio Observatory, known as Big Ear,  was in full operation. For its part in Ohio State University’s SETI (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence) project Big Ear searched for extraterrestrial radio signals. Back in those days the data gathered from the radio telescope was processed by a mainframe computer to be printed out. Each print out had to be gone over by hand. How archaic, right? I’m sure there is an app for that now.

In August of that year a man named Jerry Ehman was pouring over the printouts. He spotted the alphanumeric sequence “6EQUJ5”,  circled it and wrote “WOW!” in the margin. This would become to be known as the Wow! signal.

It may not seem very wow-worthy until you understand the significance of the find. At that time, scientists hypothesized that since hydrogen is the most common element in the universe and emits a signal at a frequency of 1420 megahertz, extraterrestrials may send out a signal similar to it. The idea was that extraterrestrials may think that other intelligent beings would recognize the signature of hydrogen thus recognize the signal as intelligent communication. The Wow! signal was significantly more powerful than previously recorded ones and lasted for a longer period, 72 seconds. Even more astonishing, it was very close to 1420 megahertz! Unfortunately the signal was never picked up again despite attempts to scan the area of space that it originated from. Big Ear was dismantled in 1998.

On the 37th anniversary of the Wow! signal an independent group of researchers led by Joshua P. Warren commenced the Arecibo Project and transmitted radio messages into space from areas around Puerto Rico. The messages included GPS coordinates and a request to appear there. They placed a live webcam to stream images from the GPS location. Several anomalies were captured, including a high-pitch tone that accompanied a saucer-shaped object. When the team examined the tone they found it to be acutely similar to the Wow! signal. The team has placed all of their findings at http://areciboproject.com and are requesting that others with expertise analyze the evidence.

I’m certainly not a video, audio, or UFO expert but the images are interesting. I’m going to try and keep tabs on this, I’m curious if other experts can verify the findings. If that’s the case, let’s just hope that whoever or whatever decided to follow the GPS coordinates on the footage (and in the future) is friendly. But in the words of Peter Venkman, the whole problem with aliens is you just can’t trust them. Occasionally you meet a nice one, Star Man, E.T., but usually they turn out to be some kind of big lizard!